Citing Unwritten Sources Quoted In Another Source

Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For a source with more than three authors, use the work’s bibliographic information as a guide for your citation. Provide the first author’s last name followed by et al. or list all the last names.

About In-text Citation

It’s a great way to incorporate evidence into your paper without using a direct quote every time. Although you don’t need to use quotes around a paraphrase, you do need to cite it. When you use a short quote, include it directly in your paragraph, along with your own words.

You can use ellipses to cut some things out of a direct quote, but even that should be done sparingly. In news, accuracy and proper context are paramount, and you don’t want to look like you’re doctoring the source’s words. Author Becky Reed Rosenberg discusses using direct quotes when writing in the sciences versus the humanities.

When you’re writing something that is a direct quote, meaning that it is the exact words that someone spoke, you need to use double quotation marks. Using them properly can be a little tricky, so remember these rules. An in-text citation points the reader to your reference list, often called a reference citation. For more tips on creating reference entries, see What information is included in a reference citation?.

In this case, you follow the phrase with a comma instead of a colon. The format of a quote depends on how long it is and which citation style you are using. When using APA (American Psychological Association) format, you’ll be required to mention the writer’s last name as well as the number of the page, similarly to the MLA style.

If the author is mentioned in context, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation. Include the page number (if available) enclosed in parentheses.

They noted that “a flexible mind is a healthy mind” (Palladino & Wade, 2010, p. 147).I hope these examples begin to demonstrate the choices you have as an author using APA Style. More information on direct quotation of sources can be found on pages 170–174 of the Manual. Paraphrases and summaries work just like a direct quote, except that you don’t need to put quotation marks around them because you’re using your own words to restate ideas.


In academic writing, you can use quotes to define concepts, provide evidence or analyze language. If you wish to quote more than one paragraph, you need to use block citations, regardless of the particular length of every fragment from those paragraphs.

Then, incorporate that quote into your essay, and make sure you properly cite it based on the style guide you’re using. When citing a web page that does not include a formal title, it is acceptable to include a description of the page. Click on this page if you’re looking for information on how to create an APA in-text citation.

A passage, from an authority, that is quoted, cited, and attributed to its source. The statement of the price of a stock or other financial instrument.

Parenthetical citations usually include the author’s name, and sometimes the year of publication. When directly quoting or paraphrasing a specific passage, the citation also includes the page number. Every citation style has different rules for how to cite your sources. Your supervisor or university will usually inform you which citation style to use.

You’ll present these quotes in a block of text set off from the rest of your paragraph. Because the quote is set off in a block, you don’t need to put quotation marks around it. Paraphrase the quote if you can restate the author’s ideas in your own words. Paraphrasing is when you restate someone else’s ideas in your own words.

If in doubt, check with your instructor or supervisor how much quoting is appropriate in your field. In social sciences, the amount of quotes you use depends partly on whether you’re doing qualitative or quantitative research. If you’re dealing mainly with numbers and statistics, you shouldn’t include many quotes, but if you’re dealing mainly with words, you will need to quote from the data you collected.

All of the information, however, is based on the MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition as well as the MLA website, and is presented as guidance for students writing in this style. How to paraphrase sources Paraphrasing means putting a passage of text in your own words without changing its meaning. Numerical citations give only a number that corresponds to a footnote, endnote or reference list entry. Parenthetical citations give a short reference in parentheses directly in the text. Japanese, for example, uses a sentence-final quotative particle tte verbally to mean “I heard (quote)” with some uncertainty.

Place the author’s name in reverse order, the last name first, followed by a comma, and then the first name followed by a period. The title of the web page or article is placed in quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation. The title of the website is written in italics followed by a comma.

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